Stages of development of cannabis plants if you start from seeds

When a marijuana grower starts with clones, there are basically there are two major phases of cannabis cultivation: veg and flower. Light, or more specifically the length of the photo period, will influence your marijuana into one of these major growth phases. When you are growing marijuana outdoors, a couple of months after solstice which is the longest day of the year. With regards to indoor marijuana growing, a cannabis grower will flip their HPS lights from 18 hours to 12 hours to make the marijuana plants go from veg to flower.

What are the growth phases of cannabis starting from seed?

When a cannabis grower starts from seeds, there are more growth phases to deal with. The growth phases that the marijuana plant will go through from seed to harvest are: Germination, Seedling, Vegetative, Pre-Flowering, and Flowering. If you are not getting feminized cannabis seeds, you will need to flower the marijuana plant to ensure that you do not have a male. Cannabis males are worthless if you are looking to grow marijuana flowers, or buds, as they will produce seed pods that look like little ball sacks at the nodes.

Germination is an extremely important stage of the life cycle of cannabis starting from seed. This cannabis growth phase is so important because it is the initial point of developing a root system for your marijuana plant. We recommend using light coco soil with myco fungus which is a beneficial for the root system. We think this is better than using paper towels due to the chemicals found in a lot of paper towels. All that is needed for germination air, water, and a little heat.

How does air, water, and heat help your cannabis seeds get started to grow?

The coco soil for your starting cannabis seeds should contain perlite as well to allow the soil to be more airy. Air is important for the seed so do not plant your marijuana seeds more than 1/4 inch in your soil. The water will help penetrate the outer skin of the cannabis seed due a release of hormones and an initial taproot of your future marijuana plant will emerge. Heat helps with root activity if you are dealing with seeds or doing your own marijuana cuttings from a mother. Cannabis seeds like to be in an environment that is a few degrees warmer than normal room temperature (around 78 degrees F).

Once the proper nutrients are given, the plant will grow outward and upward and move into the next phase of development.

During the seedling stage, the plant can grow quite a bit every day with a slow increase in the feeding of proper nutrients. This seedling stage can be lengthened or shortened depending on manipulation of the light source. While monitoring the plants’ growth over several weeks, they should show signs of their gender.

During the vegetative stage, the plants produce the familiar jagged leaves and grow larger as appropriate nutrients are provided. Just as in the seedling state, the vegetative state may be controlled by changes in lighting. Common changes in the plant’s development herald the growth of a healthy adult plant.

The pre-flowering stage starts near the end of summer for plants grown outdoors as the cannabis plant starts to be affected by decreased sunlight. Male plants will start to grow seeds within the buds prior to being absorbed by the female plants. If the plant develops too many seeds, it is not suitable for smoking. To avoid this, the male plants need to be moved away from the female plants to decrease the risk of contamination. The female plant not yet pollinated and without seeds produces a Sensemilla plant, or a plant without seeds, producing a better harvest and more enjoyment for smokers of weed. For indoor growers, changes made in the light source are crucial for plants in the pre-flowering stage.

The plants are finally mature enough to reproduce in the flowering stage when resin begins drain from the buds and leaves. This resin is referred to as “THC” and signal that the plant has reached adulthood. The flowering stage occurs only with reduced lighting allowing the plants to mature. This is also an important stage in the plant’s growth toward the harvest. Male plants usually mature quicker than female plants. Resin production depends on how long the plant has been flowering. The exact structure of the buds usually occurs after a few weeks. Once flowering begins, the plant will stop growing, but the buds continue to grow and get thicker. The plant’s food should now contain no nitrogen.

Harvesting and curing are not actual stages of cannabis plant development but it is just as important if you are growing weed. Looking at trichromes is a good way for a grower to look at their cannabis buds to determine whether they should chop it down and start curing. The plant is then ready for harvest with drying and curing. If this occurs too early or late, it will considerably decrease the harvest and affect the grower’s bottom line. In a very controlled environment, cannabis plants may live for a year or more depending on the type of marijuana grown and the taste. After the plant is kept in the vegetative stage with the appropriate lighting, it begins the eventual production of clones.

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